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Medical Industry Feature: How to Better Communicate with Patients with Dyslipidemia Experiencing Myalgia

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How to Better Communicate with Patients with Dyslipidemia Experiencing Myalgia

How to Better Communicate with Patients with Dyslipidemia Experiencing Myalgia
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Encouraging patients with dyslipidemia to discuss adverse reactions they experience on their statin can help overcome issues leading to noncompliance.
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  • Overview

    For patients with dyslipidemia experiencing myalgia, sticking to their cholesterol management plan can be a challenge. As healthcare professionals, it’s critical to help address challenges by encouraging patients to discuss any adverse reactions they experience with their statin. By having this frank discussion, HCPs can employ an individualized approach to statin selection that may help address and overcome issues that lead to patient noncompliance with statin therapy, and in turn, help achieve efficacy goals. 

    Join this discussion as Dr. Jennifer Caudle welcomes Dr. Shawn Dhillon, Medical Director at Calvert Medical Group in Baltimore, and Debbie, a patient with dyslipidemia who experienced statin side effects, to discuss the importance of communication with patients with dyslipidemia experiencing myalgia.

  • IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION FOR LIVALO® (pitavastatin) tablets

    INDICATIONS AND USAGE
    Drug therapy should be one component of multiple-risk-factor intervention in individuals who require modifications of their lipid profile. Lipid-altering agents should be used in addition to a diet restricted in saturated fat and cholesterol only when the response to diet and other nonpharmacological measures has been inadequate.

    PRIMARY HYPERLIPIDEMIA AND MIXED DYSLIPIDEMIA
    LIVALO (pitavastatin) is indicated as an adjunctive therapy to diet to reduce elevated total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), apolipoprotein B (Apo B), triglycerides (TG), and to increase high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) in adult patients with primary hyperlipidemia or mixed dyslipidemia.

     LIMITATIONS OF USE

    • Doses of LIVALO greater than 4 mg once daily were associated with an increased risk for severe myopathy in premarketing clinical studies. Do not exceed 4-mg, once-daily dosing of LIVALO
    • The effect of LIVALO on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality has not been determined
    • LIVALO has not been studied in Fredrickson Type I, III, and V dyslipidemias

    CONTRAINDICATIONS
    CLIVALO is contraindicated in patients with a known hypersensitivity to product components, in patients with active liver disease (which may include unexplained persistent elevations in hepatic transaminase levels), in women who are pregnant or may become pregnant, in nursing mothers, or in co-administration with cyclosporine.

    WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS
    Skeletal Muscle Effects Cases of myopathy and rhabdomyolysis with acute renal failure secondary to myoglobinuria have been reported with HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors, including LIVALO. These risks can occur at any dose level but increase in a dose-dependent manner.

    • LIVALO should be prescribed with caution in patients with predisposing factors for myopathy.
    • The risk of skeletal muscle effects (e.g., myopathy and rhabdomyolysis) increases in a dose-dependent manner with advanced age (≥65 years), renal impairment, inadequately treated hypothyroidism, and in combination use with fibrates or lipid- modifying doses of niacin (≥1 g/day).
    • LIVALO should be administered with caution in patients with impaired renal function, in elderly patients, or when used concomitantly with fibrates or lipid-modifying doses of niacin.
    • Concomitant administration of LIVALO with gemfibrozil should be avoided.
    • LIVALO therapy should be discontinued if markedly elevated CK levels occur or myopathy is diagnosed or suspected. LIVALO therapy should also be temporarily withheld in any patient with an acute, serious condition suggestive of myopathy or predisposing to the development of renal failure secondary to rhabdomyolysis (e.g., sepsis; hypotension; dehydration; major surgery; trauma; severe metabolic, endocrine, and electrolyte disorders; or uncontrolled seizures).
    • Advise patients to promptly report unexplained muscle pain, tenderness, or weakness, particularly if accompanied by malaise or fever, and to discontinue LIVALO if these signs or symptoms appear.
    • Cases of myopathy, including rhabdomyolysis, have been reported with HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors coadministered with colchicine, and caution should be exercised when prescribing LIVALO with colchicine
    • There have been rare reports of immune-mediated necrotizing myopathy (IMNM), an autoimmune myopathy, associated with statin use. IMNM is characterized by: proximal muscle weakness and elevated serum creatine kinase, which persist despite discontinuation of statin treatment; muscle biopsy showing necrotizing myopathy without significant inflammation; improvement with immunosuppressive agents.  IMNM has not been reported with LIVALO therapy.
    • Advise patients to promptly report if muscle signs and symptoms persist after discontinuing LIVALO as this may be a sign of IMNM requiring immediate medical attention.

    Liver Enzyme Abnormalities
    Increases in serum transaminases have been reported with HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors, including LIVALO.

    • It is recommended that liver enzyme tests be performed before the initiation of LIVALO and if signs or symptoms of liver injury occur.
    • There have been rare postmarketing reports of fatal and non-fatal hepatic failure in patients taking statins, including
    • pitavastatin. If serious liver injury with clinical symptoms and/or hyperbilirubinemia or jaundice occurs during treatment with
    • LIVALO, promptly interrupt therapy. If an alternate etiology is not found do not restart LIVALO.
    • Advise patients to promptly report any symptoms that may indicate liver injury, including fatigue, anorexia, right upper abdominal discomfort, dark urine or jaundice.
    • LIVALO should be used with caution in patients who consume substantial quantities of alcohol and/or have a history of chronic liver disease.

    Endocrine Function
    Increases in HbA1c and fasting serum glucose levels have been reported with HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors, including LIVALO.

    ADVERSE REACTIONS
    In short-term controlled studies, the most frequent adverse reactions reported by ≥2% of patients treated with LIVALO 1 mg, 2 mg, and 4 mg, respectively, and at a rate ≥ placebo were back pain (3.9%, 1.8%, 1.4% vs 2.9%), constipation (3.6%, 1.5%, 2.2% vs 1.9%), diarrhea (2.6%, 1.5%, 1.9% vs 1.9%), myalgia (1.9%, 2.8%, 3.1% vs 1.4%), and pain in extremity (2.3%, 0.6%, 0.9% vs 1.9%).  This is not a complete listing of all reported adverse events.

    For additional information please see the full Prescribing Information or visit www.LivaloHCP.com

    © Kowa Pharmaceuticals America, Inc. (2017) - LIV-RA-0107   PI V-11-2016

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